Quick Look

  • Height

    • Male61 – 69 cm
    • Female56 – 63 cm
  • Weight

    • Male50 – 60 kg
    • Female35 – 48 kg
  • Common Colors

    • Black with defined tan markings
  • Coat Texture

    • Coarse and flat, with a medium length topcoat.
  • Average Lifespan

    • 8 to 11 years


History of the Breed

The prevailing theory of the origin of the Rottweiler is that it is descended from Ancient Roman drover dogs. The drover dogs were eventually used in armies due to their intelligence and power, to keep livestock (used to feed the soldiers) safe and together. The name Rottweiler derives from when they were being used for cattle driving in Rote Wil, a town in Germany. The breed almost faced extinction in the mid-19th Century due to cattle driving becoming outlawed but effort was made to preserve them and in 1901 the first Rottweiler club was formed.


  • Adaptability
  • Exercise needs
  • Health & Grooming
  • Intelligence
  • Trainability


  • Confident
  • Protective
  • Stubborn

Common Health Problems

  • Canine Hip dysplasia In dogs, hip dysplasia is an abnormal formation of the hip socket that, in its more severe form, can eventually cause crippling lameness and painful arthritis of the joints.
  • Elbow dysplasia Elbow dysplasia is a condition involving multiple developmental abnormalities of the elbow-joint in the dog, specifically the growth of cartilage or the structures surrounding it.
  • Gastric Torsion Gastric dilatation volvulus is a medical condition in which the stomach becomes overstretched and rotated by excessive gas content.
  • Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

Top Tips for Caring for a Rottweiler

  • Only occasional brushing is needed
  • Daily exercise is required in the forms of long walks or energetic games
  • Early socialisation and training is recommended to prevent any aggression developing

www.pet-insurance.co.uk makes no warranty as to whether any of the breeds are suitable for you or your family. This encyclopaedia is only intended to be a basic guide to general breed characteristics and does not constitute advice or recommendation. www.pet-insurance.co.uk strongly recommends children are never left unsupervised with a dog.